image/svg+xml97 X/1/2019 InterdIscIplInarIa archaeologIca natural scIences In archaeology homepage: Look into region Interdisciplinary Research at the Department of Archaeology, Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Králové Richard Thér a a Department of Archaeology, Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Králové, Rokitanského 62, 500 03 Hradec Králové, Czech Republic 1. Beginnings of experimental research The beginnings of academic activity related to interdisciplinary research in archaeology in Hradec Králové are inseparably connected with Radomír Tichý. In 1993, he became an assistant for Ancient History and Antiquity at the Department of History, Faculty of Education, University of Hradec Králové (later the Institute of Historical Sciences at the University of Hradec Králové). In 1994, he founded there the University Centre of Experimental Archaeology and the regionally-active Society of Experimental Archaeology that brought together students and academics interested in experimental archaeology. His frst long-term experimental project was focused on the construction of a basic settlement unit of frst farmers in central Europe. An early Neolithic longhouse was built in 1994 in a typical Neolithic settlement location positioned on a gentle southern slope at the confuence of two streams near Librantice, a few kilometres to the east of Hradec Králové (Figure 1). The house, as a basic structure of a Neolithic settlement unit, was accompanied by reconstructions of structures documented in the archaeological record – hearths, ovens, storage pits, a clay pit, a well – and also by theoretically-assumed components of the economic hinterland. All the structures were constructed using replicas of Neolithic artefacts. The experimental feld trips focused on the building of the house and other structures, and subsequently on their use, and the replication of a whole spectrum of production activities as documented in an Early Neolithic context, was organised over several summer and winter campaigns (Tichý, 2000a). The project was terminated in 1998 due to changes in the land ownership. The same year, the experimentally-used area was excavated with the aim to interpret depositional processes on the site. The basic result of the excavation was that most of the lost or discarded artefacts and debris remained laying on the surface and did not enter the sunken features. Neolithic pottery, in particular, has a low potential to enter the deposits in sunken features as it soon disintegrates on the open surface (Tichý, 2001a). 2. Centre of Experimental Archaeology and Archaeopark Všestary In 1996, R. Tichý, together with students of history, started to develop the Centre of Experimental Archaeology Všestary (CEA). The initial aim of the project was to create Volume X ● Issue 1/2019 ● Pages 97–104 *Corresponding author. E-mail: ARtiCle inFo Article history: Received: 11 th July 2019Accepted: 18 th August 2019 DOI: 10.24916/iansa.2019.1.7 Key words: experimental archaeologytechnological analysis automatic classifcation University of Hradec Králové AbstRACt The Philosophical Faculty of the University of Hradec Králové (FF UHK) has recently become co- publisher of the IANSA journal. This represents an appropriate opportunity to look into the history of the interdisciplinary research at the Department of Archaeology of FF UHK. This article gives an overview of the research undertaken, mainly in the feld of experimental archaeology and the study of ancient technologies. The overview demonstrates the natural links that exist between the Department’s research focus and the profle of the journal.
image/svg+xmlIANSA 2019 ● X/1 ● 97–104 Richard Thér: Interdisciplinary Research at the Department of Archaeology, Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Králové 98 an environment suitable for feld experiments. The model settlement unit comprised some basic types of settlement structures chosen to represent a variety of archaeological features typical for Eastern Bohemia. The main experimentally-constructed structures of the complex were two post-built houses based on Bronze Age fnds and one semi-sunken dwelling based on evidence from the Hallstatt period. They were accompanied by other structures: a well, storage and clay pits, a variety of workshops, felds and a cemetery with various forms of burials (Figure 2; Thér and Tichý, 2000; 2002).CEA also exploits the educational potential of the results of experimental archaeology. Since 2000, there has been an increased interest from primary and secondary schools to take part in the educational program “Touching Prehistory”. The programme is grounded on the fact that our knowledge of prehistory is based only on fragmentary material remains. The way of life in prehistory is distant to us and our idea of it is far from a complete picture. Teachers have only a few means or possibilities to create an image of prehistoric life that can be visualised by children. The program, therefore, uses the results of experimental archaeology to achieve a comprehensive perception of phenomena relating to prehistoric life in children’s minds. Besides the experience with replicas of life-size structures built from adequate materials, the children and adults alike can themselves experience the craft technology of daily prehistoric life.CEA also serves for the training of students of archaeology. There are two roles for university training at the CEA: 1) The students gain hands-on experience with the materials